Everyone knows that the Central Processing Unit (CPU) is essentially the brain of the computer and it is one of the most important parts of the computer.
On the other hand, the operating system (OS) is a software program that manages a computer’s resources, also called the heart of the computer.
Operating systems are important in computers that manage computer hardware and software resources and provide common services to computer programs. In this article, we are going to compare different types of operating systems.
Windows 10 vs Mac OS vs Linux vs Chrome OS
Windows 10 and 11
Windows is the most widely used operating system on the planet and is used in billions of PCs and laptops. According to the report from gs.statcounter.com, Windows has a 76.13% market share in the world, two-thirds of which is Windows 10.
The Windows OS is available on devices ranging from budget proposals to premia, such as desktops, tablets, and laptops.
Microsoft introduced the first version of Windows in the mid-1980s. Since then, Microsoft has released many versions of Windows, including Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.
Now in 2021, Microsoft has introduced the latest Windows 11 operating system. One of the great things about windows is that they are available in any shape, size and price range.
In addition, Microsoft sells Windows licenses to almost every desktop and laptop manufacturer, so that Windows OS can be loaded into premium and affordable laptops.
Microsoft also uses a wide-open approach, in which Microsoft sells Windows itself to the business owners and consumers. Also, Microsoft launched the Windows insider programme, in this programme Microsoft offers pre-release windows OS to users to help their engineers to develop the future of Windows.
Microsoft Windows OS is a flexible operating system in the market and it supports the hardware and software.
Best features of Windows 10 Operating system
1. Start Menu
Microsoft has reintroduced the start menu in the windows 10 OS as before to windows 8. The new start menu has a better interface to find and launch important applications.
Microsoft has expanded the Start Menu in the Windows 10 OS to view recently added and most used applications.
It is possible to resize the Start menu as per your preference. You can pin tiles to the right of the Start menu. The menu can contain a few columns, depending on the screen resolution. These columns can be divided into groups that can have their own titles.
All groups are divided into 6 or 8 other columns, depending on the user’s settings, and 6 or 8 small size tiles can be arranged.
Cortana is a virtual assistant developed by Microsoft. Talk to this virtual assistant using a computer microphone similar to Google Now, Siri, and Alexa.
Cortana can talk about the weather, calendar events, and other types of notifications, along with online information.
By default, Cortana appears as a search bar on the taskbar, but it can be changed to a button, like in tablet mode, and also you can activate it by voice using the “Hey Cortana” command to navigate the Start menu.
3. Multiple desktops and Task view
Task view is a task switch and virtual desktop system that can be accessed via a taskbar button, keyboard shortcut Windows+Tab, or by swiping from the left side of the touchscreen.
Enabling the task view displays a magnified view of all currently open windows on a specific monitor.
Click on the window to switch to the window. You can also display the task view when a window fits half of the screen or when three windows fit a quarter of the screen.
The task view also allows you to create virtual workspaces. You can drag and drop windows into this workspace.
4. Action Center
The sidebar, which provides a list of usurps in the Windows “Action Center” title, receives notifications and provides a group of “Quick Actions” buttons in various settings areas.
Access is made by clicking on the notification icon in the system tray or by swiping from the right side of the screen to the touch screen.
5. Windows defender
Microsoft Defender Antivirus, formerly known as Windows Defender, is an anti-virus program bundled with Windows 10.
Microsoft Defender Antivirus has many features, including significant security settings for individual users and groups.
Windows Security is a very basic utility. In this programme, the windows defender included seven sections:: Virus and Threat Protection, Account Protection, Firewall and Network Protection, App & Browser Control, Device Security, Device Performance and Health, and Family-Options.
macOS is a proprietary graphical operating system developed by Apple Inc. macOS is found on almost every Apple laptop and desktop and apart from the Apple devices, the macOS is not found on any other devices like Windows OS and other operating systems but still, this is the second most used operating system in the world after Windows OS.
Compared to Windows OS, Mac OS is available in fewer models and configurations, so it is easier to buy from there. Windows OS, on the other hand, is available in a variety of models and configurations, which is a bit daunting.
Previously, MacOS was considered a completely secure operating system, and there was little potential for security flaws compared to the Windows operating system.
However, in recent years we have seen hackers launch additional attacks on macOS.
For creating the video Editing, animation and photography, the creative producer always prefer mac instead of windows. Windows is also good, but as compared to the macOS.
Feature of the MacOS
1. Floating Dock
The redesigned Dock is lifted from the bottom of the display, making it more translucent and allowing the desktop wallpaper to show through. And the app icons are brand new and much easier to recognize.
2. Lighter window appearance
The Windows is lightweight, wide-ranging, and clean and easy to operate. Additional translucent rounded corners designed to match the radius of your Mac create a consistent look and feel on macOS.
3. Redesigned sheets
The app sheet has been completely redesigned and the borders and bezels have been removed to focus on the content. Automatically darkens the background and scales it to the centre of the app.
4. New Notification Center
Safari on macOS 11 Big Sur also includes various changes and improvements. According to Apple, the new Safari is significantly faster and more efficient, with frequently listed websites loading 50% faster than Chrome on average.
In addition, according to Apple, Safari streams videos for up to an hour and a half more than Chrome or Firefox.
Third-party apps are quickly adding support for new macOS Big Sur widgets, such as the popular Task Manager Things.
We’ll continue to roll out app updates over the next few days, so we’ll take a closer look at the best macOS Big Sur widgets.
5. New Safari features
Safari on macOS 11 Big Sur also includes several changes and enhancements. According to Apple, the new Safari is dramatically faster and more efficient, with listed websites often loading an average of 50% faster than Chrome.
In addition, As per Apple, Safari can stream up to an hour and a half of video from Chrome or Firefox.
Linux is a free, open-source and community-developed Operating system, designed for computers, servers, mainframes, mobile devices and embedded devices. Linux supports all major computer platforms such as x86, ARM and SPARC.
The Linux Operating system is designed to manage a system’s hardware and resources, like CPU, memory, and storage. Anyone may execute, examine, modify, redistribute, or sell copies of the modified code, as long as the same license applies.
Linux has become the largest open-source software project in the world. Professional and amateur programmers from all over the world contribute to the Linux kernel, share functions, find and fix bugs and security holes, and provide new ideas for them.
Portability means that software can perform identically on different types of hardware. The Linux kernel and applications support installation on all types of hardware platforms.
Linux is a multi-user system, so multiple users can access system resources such as memory/ram/applications simultaneously.
3. Hierarchical File System
Linux provides a standard file structure where system/user files are located.
Linux provides user security with authentication features such as password protection/controlling access to specific files/data encryption.
5. Open Source
The Linux source code is provided free of charge and is a community-based development project. The Linux operating system is constantly evolving, with teams working together to improve the capabilities of the Linux operating system.
Linux is a multiprogramming system, so you can run multiple applications at the same time.
ChromeOS is a lightweight operating system based on Gentoo Linux which is designed and developed by Google. Chrome OS is lighter than Windows and Mac OS. This is because the OS is centred around Chrome apps and web-based processes.
It derives from the free software Chromium OS and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its main user interface. Similar to the Chromium OS, Chrome OS is proprietary software.
Google Chrome OS is cloud-based, so it runs primarily in web applications. Both web applications and user data reside in the cloud. In short, Chrome OS provides fast, seamless access to information and cloud-based tools.
Unlike Windows 10 and macOS, you cannot install third-party software on your Chromebook. All apps you receive are available on the Google Play Store.
Features of the ChromeOS
1. Phone Hub
Phone Hub allows users to control connected phones from their Chromebooks.
To access the phone hub, you need to reach the phone icon right next to the status information pill and click to see information such as network signals, call modes, battery levels, hotspot quick setup shortcuts and how to easily find your phone.
2. Wi-Fi Sync
If your smartphone or other Chrome OS device using the same Google account is connected to a Wi-Fi network, you don’t need to re-enter your network password on your Chromebook.
Wi-Fi Sync automatically connects your device to a trusted network. To access this feature, go to Settings> Connected Devices. Click the arrow next to the phone to turn on Wi-Fi Sync.0.
3. Screen Capture and Annotation mode
Users can record what’s on the screen. You can access this feature from a tile in the Quick Settings menu. Quick access to recorded video or screenshot items from the storage space on your Chrome OS shelf.
4. Built-in virus protection
Chromebooks have built-in malware and virus protection and have multiple layers of security.
Automatic update system: Your virus protection is automatically up-to-date, so you’re always running the most secure and up-to-date version. Chrome automatically manages updates in the background.
5. Google Assistant
Like Cortana and macOS Siri, the Chrome operating system has the Google Assistant built-in. This allows for multitasking, control of smart devices, and faster processing than ever before.
6. Improved Clipboard
Chrome OS has an improved clipboard that displays the last five copies, including images. Copied items, recent downloads, screenshots, and pinned files appear in a space called a tote, a type of retention space.
7. Nearby Share
When Google announced Nearby Share for Android devices last year, the feature will be available on Chromebooks later. This feature lets you share apps, photos, and links to nearby Chromebooks and Android devices.
8. Media Controls
Last Few Word
This is our comprehensive article on Windows 10 vs Mac OS vs Linux vs Chrome OS.
I try to include all the important things that you need to know about operating systems.
I hope you like this article if you have any problem or doubt then comment below I will definitely reply back your comment within an hour.